ABS vs PETG 3D Printing Filament – How quickly individuals can adjust to it is one of the key factors in the acceptance entrance of total innovations.
Consumers are somewhat more prone to come to anything that is easy to comprehend and simple because the faster they can understand it so they can benefit.
Sadly, 3D printing isn’t the simplest to grasp or the simplest method, but that’s all right — we’re going to make it quick.
What is 3D Printing?
When we look casually all 3D printers may seem alike to us, but the filament in a printer can make a huge difference. The filament is a very essential part of a 3D printer. The 3D printer will be of no use without the filament.
There are various types of filaments available for printing nowadays. But most of us don’t know how to differentiate between all of them.
Some are rigid, some delicate, some flexible, and some solid. You get the impression. Filament alone will take days of reading and study to start learning only some of the basics. Fortunately, we can do a lot of work for you, for you.
Just like everything else, there are some kinds more common than others. PLA is without a doubt the unquestioned leader of the field of 3D printing.
This is perfect for all levels of ability. It is super user friendly and has a low melting point. It is just a pretty good filament all-around. But we’re not here all day to discuss PLA. Let’s just think about some other filaments.
What is ABS?
ABS refers to Acetonitrile Butadiene Styrene, a terpolymer that consists of three monomer units.
All of these 3 monomers – acetonitrile, butadiene, and styrene – contributes to a crucial factor that defines ABS’ mechanical and chemical properties.
Those three monomers can also be combined in specific ratios that control which of the more prominent products. Including a special mix of thermal stability.
ABS’s flexibility has also proven it a powerful polymer in technology. A wide variety of industrial and commercial applications have used composite polymers made using ABS as a basis.
From its modest origins as a viable substitute for rubber, ABS has now become one of the top-selling thermoplastics in engineering.
What is PETG?
Polyethylene terephthalate ( PET) is unquestionably known to anyone because it is the most commonly utilized plastic in the world, particularly for consumer products.
PETG is basically a matter that has been improved with glycol. Adding a glycol component to the regular PET molecular structure allows it a bit extra versatile, least stiff, more robust chemically, and more versatile in heat.
PETG has also developed optical properties and is a little easier to mark than PET
The Key Differences Between ABS vs PETG 3D:
- ABS is not an eco-friendly, renewable filament because PETG is easy to recycle.
- ABS is an incredibly tough, flexible filament, while PETG collects moisture, so you need to store it carefully.
- ABS needs a heated pad, though PETG doesn’t need a heated bed.
- ABS is a thermoplastic polymer usually used in lego building blocks, while PETG is a material commonly used in plastic bottles to change the glycol.
ABS vs PETG 3D Explained Thoroughly
Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a thermoplastic polymer and is probably the most common 3D printing filament just after PLA.
ABS is common because it is highly resilient (perfect for mechanical components with material characteristics), very flexible, and dirt cheap to manufacture and buy.
For the material used for LEGO bricks, you can associate ABS as well as other consumer goods. The material used for injection moulding is very common.
The filament has several disadvantages. To hit the optimal melting stage (225C) it takes high temperatures.
This implies you’ll need a stepper motor capable of meeting these temperatures (heat resistance) and an insulated chamber print bed to prevent deformation.
A strong filtration system (e.g. a cooling fan) can help set and stabilize the molten product, as high printing conditions are needed.
Also, ABS gives off a heavy, irritating scent that can become harmful to humans and animals if inhaled too long.
A further ABS downside is its pessimistic damage to the environment. ABS is not an everlasting filament. It is not made of real components or of contents that are biodegradable.
Any poor printing and untouched/undesirable filaments are most likely to live on in the town dump for years. Ensure your parameters are tuned in to minimize the amount of waste that you generate when you print with ABS.
Another filament is an up-and-coming filament, which soon became a preference among many enthusiasts for 3D printing.
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the core material with a glycol modification representing the G. This alteration gives a significant amount of longevity to PET.
PET is most widely regarded as the material used for bottles made from plastic.
Most of the really notable features of PETG include the recyclability of the 3D printer filament. It is not the most efficient content, but better than directly submitting PETG print malfunctions to the trash.
Also, if you intend to make some storage containers for edible treats, PETG is food safe. And this filament doesn’t need a hot pad to print against spinning.
Though PETG as a filament is very good, it still has its drawbacks. PETG, for instance, is a hygroscopic material that implies that it can easily support moisture.
If PETG is not kept in a dry position to remove moisture and oxidation from it, the dulled filament does not print the way you want it. Pelican cases make PETG a perfect storage box / dry unit.
This filament also doesn’t do well in UV light. This isn’t the final destination if you didn’t want to print anything that would always be seen outside. One makes the product weak and quickly falls out.
Why is It So Famous?
The power and resilience of ABS make it an ideal choice for a large variety of goods and industries.
It resists heat and pressure without breaking or destabilizing, which is one of the most powerful plastic filaments that you can purchase.
The final product can hide stains and is extremely heat (heat resistance) and light-resistant. This makes it a perfect finishing medium for polishes, paints, glues, and other post-manufacturing processes.
ABS can print really well so far as you have tuned in your printer options. As stated earlier, it has a very high heat capacity so you’ll need to make sure you can hit and maintain temperatures during the print period.
It is suggested that you use a sealed printer because this will make temperatures simpler to manage.
In comparison, PETG is also considered to be a robust and strong filament.
A bonus-side of this is that when cooled, it’s scentless. Though strong and robust, soft, and versatile properties are also preserved.
That filament can be very difficult to print with is no surprise. If you dial your printer exactly where you need it, you can end up with a sticky, stringy, plastic mess.
That is what nobody needs. This is why the unique characteristics of what material you select are really important to pay attention to.
PETG tends to be one of the most common and much less accommodating filaments than some other forms. Only try to be careful and review all the information in the box before hurrying through a print.
PETG will need to be printed between 220-245C, depending on your extruder and extrusion settings. A bed temperature around 75C is ideal though not necessary.
You don’t have to get fancy with adhesion to your pillow. The tape of the blue painter fits just as well with most other filaments here as it does.
PETG, unlike other filaments, does not smear from the extruder onto any sheet. Rather, it lies on top of every layer better.
Because of this, you need to leave much more space between the print bed and the nozzle, about 3 mm. Getting your printer and nozzle dialled right is a little tricky, but once you get it there with this filament it’s nothing but smooth sailing.
ABS can be difficult to deal with if you don’t take your time (specifically the improvements to the nozzle).
This filament will not be used for an open-framed printer, as a lower printing temperature would easily cause the filament to cool.
The rapid refrigeration would cause the final print to warp and weaken. You can try simulating an enclosed printer using plastic wrap if you just have an open-framed printer.
Creating a circle around your printer lets you hold and block some of the unwanted drafts and cool air.
For better performance, ABS would also need to be used with a high-temperature extruder and a heated bed. You can lower the temperature of the heated print bed after the first few layers have been spread out.
But, in the beginning, you want it to be hot to avoid fast cooling.
The Difference in the Price of ABS VS PETG
- The ABS 3D Printer Filament costs around $20. At $27.00 per spool, the PETG Filament is significantly higher.
- Two products are on the same footing as most other generic filament forms, which float about $20 to $30. There are of course specialized spools that can cost you from $50 up to $100 everywhere.
- Be conscious of where to buy your filament, too. Some websites may appear to sell legal filament only to give you the bottom of the filament tank, which only creates headaches while attempting to print. Be sure you are buying from a legitimate supplier. It is often easier to pay a little extra to ensure you are getting a filament of good quality.
Which One Is Best For You?
There’s really no justification for most people to opt for ABS over PETG. PETG is stronger, longer-lasting, and better-prints. It is available in clear colours, too.
ABS is only required if the temperature tolerance of 100 ° C or its capacity to be glued and painted is completely necessary. Otherwise, the imprinting problems involved are difficult to explain.
It seems like PETG has many advantages over ABS and we agree with that. There is almost no justification why one should prefer ABS to PETG today.
Obviously, nevertheless, the human mind opposes the change, and ABS has continued to establish a strong position in the 3D printing culture. As we summarise below, both filaments still have value:
Use ABS If –
You need something stiffer and heat-resistant. Given PETG’s strength and heat resilience, ABS still holds a slight edge in both categories.
ABS is suitable as a container for handling boiling fluids, and its stiffness means that its contents act as a better protective barrier.
If you have a budget. It’s a bit over the top but by sticking to ABS instead of PETG, you can save a few bucks.
The difference is not really that low, and we’re already seeing filaments of PETG and ABS which are just about the same size.
Use PETG If –
You need something that can withstand greater pressure. The brittleness of ABS ensures that when exposed to a heavy impact it can quickly break or crack. In PETG this is not the case.
You’re going for an outdoor project. The heat stability of PETG maybe a notch lower than ABS, but PETG makes up for it with far superior chemical stability.
You don’t want to deal with problems surrounding printing. PETG has also been described as a filament combining ABS strength and PLA user-friendliness.
The explanation is the perfect overview to illustrate why many 3D printing professionals and hobbyists have started printing using PETG mainly.
ABS can be one of the scions of 3D printing’s mainstream success, but it’s pretty obvious there are better options to it now.
Because of its biodegradable nature, more environmentally conscious 3D printing hobbyists and professionals are turning to PLA, but those who pine for ABS’ power have a worthy alternative – PETG.
And that’s it for ABS vs PETG 3D Printing Filament.